Tulasi Maya Memorial Cancer Relief Foundation
Patient Safety Awareness Rally
Location: Kathmandu, Nepal
Collaborating Partner: World Patient Alliance, USA
Tulasi Maya Memorial Cancer Relief Foundation (TUMAMCARE FOUNDATION),Nepal is cancer specialized NGO which is working in Nepal since 2012 Legally it was registered in 2012. Since its establishment, TUMAMCARE FOUNDATION is raising voice of patient safety and patient rights. As a developing countries NGO there are many challenges to run program. Although it has made its own coalition to run program and getting achievements too. TUMAMCARE FOUNDATION got full membership of World Patient Alliance in December, 2020 and it’s the first program of TUMAMCARE FOUNDATION with its collaborating partner World Patient Alliance.
2) OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAM:
To create awareness on medication safety
To prevent adverse reactions, overdoses and death. Whether a patient is prescribed an
opioid or a general antibiotic, they should follow general steps to ensure medication
TUMAMCARE Foundation invited all member organizations and other stakeholders to
participate in awareness rally. The distance of rally was 3 kms and total participants were
97. The following participants took part in this awareness rally:
Local Government Representatives
Civil Society’s Leaders
Member Organizations’ Representatives
4) OUTCOME OF THE PROGRAM:
Awareness raised on medication safety
Awareness raised on patient roles and health workers’ role in medication safety.
Stakeholders and participants impressed by this new activity.
5) LESSON LEARNED FROM THE PROGRAM:
Preparation should be started before two months
DiaLeb – National Diabetes Organization
Training workshop for type 1 diabetes patients & caregivers entitled “Maintaining Insulin Safety and Effectiveness through Proper Storage”.
In it’s continuous efforts to help improve the lives of people living with type 1 diabetes
and on the occasion of World Patient Safety Day – in collaboration with World Patients
Alliance, the National Diabetes Organization – DiaLeb organized a training workshop for type 1 diabetes patients & caregivers entitled “Maintaining Insulin Safety and
Effectiveness through Proper Storage”.
The in-person workshop was held on August 30 and was led by Dr. Diana Franjieh,
pharmacist. Dr. Jackie Maalouf, president and founder of DiaLeb introduced the patients and caregivers to the theme of this year’s World Patient Safety Day and the importance of “Medication Safety” especially when it comes to insulin.
Dr. Franjieh then focused on the challenges that patients are facing with insulin storage.She gave tips on how to properly store the insulin given the severe power outages that Lebanon is going through and what to do in case the insulin is cloudy and more.
The workshop ended with an interactive Q&A session that included questions about
adequate insulin storage, how to identify insulin that is no longer safe for use, and more.
Patients & caregivers then exchanged personal experiences.
– DiaLeb supported WPA’s WPSD toolkit by sharing it across all of its social media
accounts (Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, and Instagram stories)
– The event was covered and posted across all social media portals as well.
– Photos from the event were sent to local media outlets.
Fundacja Bezpieczeństwo dla Pacjentów
World Patients Safety Day in Columna Medica
On 25 September 2022, over 30 people took part in the conference dedicated to the celebration of the World Patients Safety Day.
Traditionally, after saying hello to one another, a group of active conference participants went for Nordic walking march with Jadwiga Iwańska, our trainer . And you have to realize that the environment in Columna Medica is beautiful, the facility is surrounded by pine forests, meadows and streams. A walk in such environment conveys many good impressions.
In the midst of the pandemic, a polluted planet, and increasing diseases such as cancer, asthma, and heart disease, on World Patients Safety Day 2022, WHO is focusing global attention on urgent actions to keep people healthy. This year’s motto is: Medication Safety.
Jolanta Bilińska, the president of the Patients Safety Foundation, gave a message about stopping this year in the rush of everyday affairs, to take care of health not only on the occasion of the holiday. She reminded that the holiday was established by the World Health Organization in 2019.
The inaugural lecture was devoted to the problems of heart. Doctor Krzysztof Sokolowski led us through the meanders of the physiology of heart, necessary diagnose, gave advice on how to behave before going to work, showed the human activity practically hour by hour for 24 hours in an interesting way, helped many of us realize how important is keep our heart in good condition.
In next lecture, doctor Elżbieta Majzner, showed many examples helping to keep us in good condition . She gave advise how to take medicine, which interactions happens when we took more than 5 medicine at once. She also recommended to have in mobile a list of medicine which can help to show it at the doctor.
We had also laughtherapy with dr Clown and presentation about lost hair. This speech presented Anja Talarek, professional trichologist.
Hyper-Cent Care Africa
Date 22ndSeptember 2022
WORLD PATIENTS SAFETY DAY 2022
Hyper-Cent Care Africa hosted WORLD PATIENTS SAFETY DAY -2022 event on 17Th September 2022 by way of WALK. This year’s event Theme “Medication Without Harm” had a very Challenging impact on the health professionals, care givers and family members. Patients has been suffering SILENTLY while they could not have a platform to CHANNEL their VOICES. During the cerebrations, we undertook the task of creating awareness to the Patients and Healthcare givers and public at large.
Identity of patients was an issue of concern. Awareness The use the patient’s names and date of birth is critical .This is done to make sure that each patient gets the correct medicine and treatment as well as Making sure that the correct patient gets the correct blood when they get a blood transfusion. Safe Medication storage wasn’t spared. The children may access the drugs and take them hence putting them at risk.
Drug abuse was heightened. Using the correct drugs wrongly translates to drug ABUSE. It’s the responsibility of every Government to protect the public from HARM by disseminating the safety measures to protect the patients from possible bodily and financial harm.
We called on the Kenya National Patient Safety to operationalize through the implementation of strong safety management systems by:-
- Encouraging all workers to accept responsibility for the safety of themselves, their coworkers, patients, and visitors.
- Prioritizing safety above financial and operational goals
- Encouraging and rewarding the identification, reporting, and resolution of safety issues.
- absolutely avoiding reckless behaviors
- Enhancing top – down communication be replaced by two-way communication that flows to the front line from leadership and back to leadership from those providing patient care on the front line.
Silence about harmful events to be replaced with open, honest disclosure about serious patient safety events. The failure to communicate effectively is the root cause for many avoidable accidents.
Those who attended the event requested the organization to continue giving insights on the safety awareness on proper use of medicines and make patients understand their RIGHTS to SAFE and HYGIENIC Environment in Healthcare facilities to minimize AVOIDABLE Harm.
ANAQ Foundation for Sickle Cell & Nutrition
REPORT ON WORLD PATIENT SAFETY DAY ORGANISED BY ANAQ FOUNDATION
IN CONJUCTION WITH WORLD PATIENTS ALLIANCE (WPA) ON SUNDAY 18TH
SEPTEMBER, 2022 IN KUMASI, GHANA
On Sunday 18thSeptember, 2022, ANAQ Foundation for Sickle Cell & Nutrition in conjunction with World Patients Alliance (WPA) organized a forum on Medication Safety as part of the World Patient Safety Day celebration worldwide on 17th September, 2022. The program, led by the President of ANAQ Foundation, Mrs. Ama Nyarko Attefuah Quainoo was held at the Great Commission Church International at Esereso in Kumasi, Ghana.
As ANAQ Foundation is a leading organization in the field of sickle cell advocacy and dealing with patients in Ghana, the program was organized with the intention of disseminating accurate and effective information about medication safety. The theme for the event was Medication Safety; What Every Patient Needs to Know”. Ensuring medication safety is a collective responsibility. It is for these reasons that both ANAQ Foundation and World Patients Alliance (WPA) collaborated to educate the masses on medication safety.
The morning began with the educational component of the day, which included a lecture from Ms. Nancy Tetteh, a registered and senior nursing officer on safe medication, prescription of medicines, drug abuse, ways of giving medication to patients, ,consequences of wrong medications, self-medication, taking wrong doses and expired drugs. On her turn, Dr. Tabitha Agorku of Sermens Clinic also spoke about the rights of a patient. She encouraged them to be
bold and ask medical practitioners concerning their medications each time they visit the hospital.
Those in attendance were educated on how to report any complications to healthcare professionals. The participants were given the opportunity to ask questions bothering their minds, to which detailed answers were given. Some patients who attended the program shared their stories about medication safety.
The program was participated by Opinion Leaders, Medical Doctors, People Living With NCDs, Health Educators, Nurses, Midwives, Caregivers, Health Workers, Patients, students and Religious Leaders among others. The chief of the area added his voice to messages from the health experts and advised the participants to be vigilant and follow proper medication procedures.
The President of ANAQ Foundation, on behalf of the participants expressed her gratitude to World Patients Alliance for sponsoring ANAQ to organize the forum. She added “series of this program will be organized for people in other communities.
The second component was a free clinical screening (i.e hypertension, diabetic, hepatitis B) for all participants after the event. Two Hundred and three (203) people participated in the event.
Shared Blessing Alliance
Shared Blessing Alliance, a non-governmental organization (NGO), in collaboration with World Patient Alliance (WPA), organized a workshop on 18th September, 2022, at the Conference Hall of Ramseyer Presbyterian Church at Adum in Kumasi in the Ashanti Region of Ghana, to commemorate World Patient Safety Day, which falls on 17th September each year. Thirty-one persons from various fields and backgrounds, including journalists, healthcare professionals such as doctors, nurses, pharmacists, para-medical officers, caregivers, patients, etc., clergy, and opinion leaders participated in the event, which was held under the theme, “Medication Safety; The Role of the Media”, in line with this year’s global focus “Medication without Harm”
The role of the Ghanaian media in medication safety cannot be underestimated as they are central to the circulation of information and warnings of handling and intake of most over-thecounter drugs to the general public. It is rather unfortunate that some practitioners, for mileage and public appeal, exaggerate expected benefits from usage of some drugs, while rarely quantifying the potential side and harmful effects. The media could influence awareness of harms
reported in safety advisories and subsequent shifts in healthcare utilization. Thus, the workshop was aimed at empowering the media with requisite knowledge on medication safety, and the promotion of same through their medium.
Pharmacist/Physician Assistant, Godwin Baah, gave a comprehensive presentation on the role of health workers and patients in ensuring safety of medication. Mr. Baah schooled participants on adherence to prescriptions and dosages, storage of medicines and the need to report complications or adverse side effects to health practitioners.
Dr. Nancy Afriyie from the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, educated participants on the rights of the patients. She also took participants through the process of receiving medication in a health facility.
Some caregivers shared professional experiences regarding administering medication while various participants shared personal experiences with prescribed medicines. A participant, Michael Ofosu, member of the Ghana Journalist Association, also shared encounters with some drug manufacturing companies and herbal medicine practitioners, whose wholesale advertisement of drugs and medical products on radio and television tend to usually cause harm to their consumers due to lack of specificity to particular conditions.
Subsequently, opportunity was given to participants to ask questions on the presentations, which were adequately answered by the professionals. World Patient Alliance promotional materials were distributed to participants. At the end of the program, participants attested to the impact of the presentations and how they have been empowered to pass on the information to others. Journalists present were particularly excited at the information acquired and how it would impact their approach to drug advertisement as well conversation on health programs.
During post-event media interviews, Isaac Ewuah Mensah, Executive Director of SBA expressed profound gratitude to WPA for their immense support towards the successful organization of the World Patient Safety Day event. He also expressed hope of further collaborations to bring healthcare professionals and patients together, to shared knowledge on best practices, to ensure safety and professionalism in the healthcare value chain.
Community Health And Information Network (CHAIN)
School level Awareness campaign on “Medication safety”
03 primary schools namely Ssesanga, Winterland and Special-care primary schools in Kawempe division, Kampala district.
Community Health and Information Network (CHAIN) with support from World Patients Alliance (WPA) conducted a World Patient Safety Day (WPSD) awareness activity on “Medication safety” in three primary schools namely Ssesanga, Winterland and Special-care primary schools in Kawempe division, Kampala district.
The teachers were provided with the WPSD theme: Medication Safety and requested to guide the children through research to come up with creative activities through music, dance and drama, poems, debates etc. The children then performed for the whole school.
CHAIN visited each of the 3 schools and participated in the activities where the children performed for the whole school including the school management team, teachers and support staff. The Executive Director, Regina Kamoga in her speech briefed them about the WPSD and why medication safety? She also told them about WPA and CHAIN activities. She emphasized the need to start promoting medication safety among children early in life because they are very good ambassadors and easily adapt to behaviors as well as sharing the information acquired with their parents, guardians and community at large.
The children creatively showcased the researched information on medication safety through music, dance and drama. Key issues that were pointed out included: – What medicines are, Common sources of medicine, illegal sources of medicines and prescribers, Safe and proper use of medicine.
A discussion session with the children was held to know what they had captured from the performances while supplementing and highlighting on the critical issues from the responses accordingly. The children also shared their experience from their communities about what they know and in regards to the use of medicines. Issues discussed included the safe and unsafe practices of medicines, self-medication, following the health workers prescriptions and advices; avoid taking herbal and modern medicine at the same time, safe sources of medicines, among others. Children proved to be knowledgeable about all these issues. Children were urged to share the knowledge acquired with their family members – thus transforming their families. The session evidently showed that the children through research and experience in their communities on medication safety had generated a lot of knowledge which was exhibited in their performances and the discussion session that followed. This reinforced the need to expand this program in more schools and the use of tailored approaches was a winner.
Color for the World Patient Safety Day
The orange color for the World Patient Safety Day featured through the orange balloons that were distributed to the children for blowing. These were later thrown up at once in recognition of the day.
The children and the teachers that were involved in the research and engaging the children in coming up with the plays, poems and songs were rewarded with prizes at the end.
The head-teachers from these schools expressed their appreciation and requested CHAIN to continually engage their children in issues concerning health and patient safety.
Children and their head-teachers created awareness and sensitized the population on medication safety through Radio mentions in both local and English languages.
Fundación Retorno Vital
Commemoration of World Patient Safety Day.
On Friday, September 16, through Facebook Live, occurred the live broadcast of the event #Take Note: how to achieve medication without harm. For its realization, we invited the pharmaceutical dispensing company Cruz Verde, who delegated to Doctor Angélica Agudelo deputy pharmaceutical manager to participate in this event. In this way, with the accompaniment of Cruz Verde, BioredCOL, and the sponsorship of the Global Patients Alliance, the event took place with the results to be reported in this document.
The expectation campaign was launched on Monday, September 5, generating pieces of information about the event on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and LinkedIn, as well as interactive stories and online surveys.
The first post got 102 impressions on Facebook and 110 on Instagram.
The second post was published on September 14 and obtained 149 impressions on Facebook, 116 on Instagram, and 751 on LinkedIn. In this way, we encouraged our followers to participate in the event.
Thanks to the sponsorship of the Global Patients Alliance, the third piece that was published was programmed with paid advertising on Facebook and Instagram, informing the audience of the special guest of Cruz Verde We also announce the channels and the schedule of connection to the event.
This post reached 516 impressions on Facebook and 493 on Instagram. This publication also increased the interactions of new accounts with the profile and content of the Fundación Retorno Vital.
With this campaign of expectation was carried out the transmission of the Facebook Live “#Take note: how to achieve a medication without harm;” although, in the live transmission only a total of 15 people were reached connected. The video’s posting has had multiple interactions and repeated views on both Facebook and YouTube, reaching 438 accounts since its publication.
However, during the event the following guiding questions were asked to our special guest:
How are drugs classified? What groups exist? Is it the same for the patient to handle a chemical drug as a biological one? What should the patient consider when receiving the medicine? What would you suggest as pharmaceutical managers for the safe use of drugs once they are delivered to patients at the pharmacy? What should I consider for the transit of my medication from the pharmacy to my home? How should I store my biological and chemical medicines at home? What if patients do not follow the recommendations of the treating physician when taking medicines? What daily practices of patients make medicines unsafe? What is the best route to report unwanted side effects? What should I do with expired or no longer used drugs?
In this way, and answering the questions of the attendees, a 1-hour conversation was held giving tips and advice to participants to achieve safer medication from the dispensing of medicines, to the management at home and how to manage our waste
Fundación de Apoyo a Enfermos con Trastornos Hipofisiarios
Reciba un cordial saludo de los pacientes que formamos Fundación de Apoyo a Enfermos con Trastornos Hipofisarios (FAETH), organización sin fines de lucro legalmente constituida desdediciembre 2015 con Acuerdo Ministerial # 00000009, cuyo objetivo es velar por el cumplimiento, protección y defensa de los derechos a la salud, promover acciones para ser visibilizadas, creando conciencia de la existencia de estas enfermedades, procurando un mejoramiento en la calidad de vida a toda persona que padezca de Trastornos Hipofisarios como: Acromegalia, Cushing, Hipopituitarismo y más enfermedades Hipofisarias.
En primer lugar, hacemos llegar nuestro agradecimiento por la beca que recibimos lo que se acredito a la cuenta de ahorros de la FAETH, del bando del Pacífico por un monto de $260 (Doscientos sesenta, dólares americanos), los que utilizamos en traducir al español e imprimir: pancartas y folletería, recuerdos para los asistentes y refrigerio.
Detalles del evento:
Sábado, 17 de septiembre 2022, se realizó una reunión presencial de pacientes y familiares para asistir al evento programado por FAETH, por el día mundial de la seguridad del paciente.
Lugar: Julián Coronel y Ximena (Edificio Julio Arosemena JBG).
Hora: 2:30 pm
Charla presencial educativa por la Dra. Margarita Landívar.
Tema: Día Mundial de la seguridad del paciente 2022
Dirigida a: Pacientes y familiares con enfermedades crónicas.
Compartiendo experiencias de auto cuidado en el consumo de medicamentos, de paciente a
Margarita Vásquez paciente con Acromegalia y presidente de la Fundación de Apoyo a
Enfermos con Trastornos Hipofisarios.
Martha Vera, paciente con Miastenia Gravis y presidente de la Fundación ecuatoriana para la Miastenia Gravis.
Dora García, paciente trasplantada renal y presidente de la Asociación de pacientes renales Caminando hacia la Luz.
Al vivir con una enfermedad rara o crónica tenemos que empoderarnos de nuestro autocuidado, por lo que como pacientes compartimos nuestras propias experiencias con los pacientes miembros de nuestra organización, haciendo énfasis en la importancia de mantener
una buena relación con nuestros médicos tratantes, preguntar para despejar dudas, fijarse en la prescripción, respetar dosis y tiempos establecidos por el médico.
Interactuando con los asistentes con preguntas del tema e incentivando con obsequios a los que responden oportuna y certeramente.
STROKE CARE INTERNATIONAL(SCI)
A COLLABORATIVE EVENT WITH WORLD PATIENT ALLIANCE (WPA)
IN CELEBRATION OF WORLD PATIENT SAFETY DAY DATE: 3rd OCTOBER, 2022 TIME: 11:00AM
LOCATION: ABUJA, NIGERIA.
STROKE CARE INTERNATIONAL in collaboration with WORLD PATIENT ALLIANCE celebrated the world patient safety day with the THEME; PATIENT SAFETY AND RIGHTS TO PROPER MEDICATION USAGE. We had people of different age groups who turned up for the event, accreditation was done where you will write down your name on the attendance and a workshop bag with the information fliers from WPA, a pen, writing material, a 5 pages printed material on the topic of discussion was given to every attendee.
In attendance of the world patient safety day celebration were about 57 individuals, from various occupational background. The event started at about 11:00am with free vital signs checkup, then a welcome address from Ms. Cynthia Ironbar, a Volunteer/Stroke Care International Ambassador, followed by the introduction of both organization (World Patient Alliance and Stroke Care International), an insight of what the World Patient Safety Day celebration is all about was also elaborated by the Ambassador.
Shortly after that, the facilitator was introduced, in the person of Dr. Victor Offiong. (MD. MPH. BSN. CAM. PPSSN.) He gave a lecture on the topic; PATIENT SAFETY AND RIGHTS TO PROPER MEDICATION USAGE. He elaborated on these sub topics:
*What is Patient Safety?
*Why does patient harm occur?
*The burden of harm
*Patient Safety – a fundamental component for Universal Health Coverage
*Key strategic action areas on medication usage.
The people were also educated on this medication safety rules;
- When prescribed a medication, check with your health worker that you have all the information you need to take it safely. Follow the Know. Check. Ask. actions
- Keep an up-to-date list of all the medications you take, including traditional medicines, and share it with your treating health workers
- Take your medications as recommended by your health worker
- Use the 5 Moments for Medication Safety tool to keep you safe while taking your medications
- Be aware of the potential side-effects of your medications
- Store your medications as indicated and check the expiration date regularly
- Raise any concerns about your medication with your health worker
It was a 4 hrs insightful and very enlightening event, after the lecture from the facilitator, some participants asked a couple of questions which were all answered. Ms. Cynthia Ironbar gave a closing remark, photographs were taken, a few interviews, to know if the people enjoyed the event. Lastly, refreshments was packaged for everyone that participated in the event. The event ended at 3:15pm.
Jahandad Society For Community Development:
Workshop & Community Mobilization Sessions
The Jahandad Society for Community Development (JSCD), in collaboration with WPA developed a comprehensive campaign and conducted more than 300 patients & community mobilization sessions to create awareness about safe healthcare and rational use of medicines.
On 17th of September Jahandad Society For Community Development organized a workshop on Medication safety, Community health workers were provided detailed guidance and were briefed about their role in the community and their key responsibilities.
Workshop comprised information related to medication safety. Moreover, Communities meetings were also held at grass- root level in the marginalized communities and provided awareness on medication safety and the use of medicines.
Seminar on Patients Safety
A seminar was held in the collaboration with Fatima Jinnah Medical University and World Patients Alliance, WPA, Lahore. Dr. Yasmin Rashid, Health Minister, Punjab was the Chief Guest at this occasion.
The theme of this year’s World patients safety day is Medication Safety and the slogan is Medication without harm!
The speaker includes Dr. Yasmin Raashid, Health Minister Punjab, Dr. Hussain Jafri, WPA Board member and Punjab province focal person on patient safety and quality, Dr. Yasmin Ehsan, Director PGTP and VC, FJMU also highlighted the importance of Medication Safety.
Women In Communities Zimbabwe
The event took place on the 6th of October 2022 through a public awareness campaign organised by Women In Communities Zimbabwe. The focus was on patient care related to the gaps identified under the following areas:
Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) Packaging – Drug Safety due to Repackaging and Adherence
The fear of stigma has resulted in patients on Antiretroviral Therapy failing to disclose their status and
to openly take their medication. Some have gone to the extent of discarding the proper and original packaging to alternative storage. This according to a research by Muriruri et al (2020), the drugs are dispensed in socially inefficient packaging. The type of packaging exposes the user to unintended audiences resulting in them self-packaging. This behaviour has resulted in ART non adherence and failure to achieve viral load suppression. It is with this in mind that patient awareness on the risks and dangers of self-packaging is pertinent. The protection from light and moisture that the original packaging gives is often ignored. The awareness could promote more socially friendly advocacy issues
Mental Health – Post COVID-19 pandemic, Drug and substance Abuse and Gender Based Violence Mental Health Related Disorders
Mental health issues continue to be on the increase in Zimbabwe as a result of the above among other issues. According to World Health Organisation, 1 in every 8 people live with a mental disorder. Substance abuse and mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety are closely linked. On the other hand Gender Based Violence against women and girls is linked to many poor health outcomes including long term mental health disorders. Effective treatment options exist but many people are not aware and have no access to effective care, and psycho-social support is not afforded by many due to lack of awareness.
Unsafe Abortions – Abortion Complications and Maternal Deaths
Unsafe abortion is a neglected public health problem contributing to 13% of maternal death worldwide. This is associated with restrictive abortion laws, poor quality of health service, and low community awareness on the alternative methods available for safe abortion. A UNICEF report of 2015 estimated that around 70 000 illegal abortions take place in Zimbabwe each year. These illegal abortions result in death through haemorrhage, infection, sepsis, genital trauma and necrotic bowel, among other complications. There are better ways that are legal and can be used to avoid the complications of backyard abortions.
Women in Communities Zimbabwe (WICO ZIMBABWE) will engage with technical experts on these topics and bring awareness to the general public who will include, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), Government officials, women and girls ages 16 to 50 years old, Persons With Disabilities (PWD), and People Living with HIV (PLHIV).
2 PLANNED ACTIVITIES AND ACHIEVEMENT
2.1. PROMOTING MEDICATION WITHOUT HARM
Director for Women In Communities Zimbabwe introduced the participants to World Patients Alliance andcelebrations of World Patient Safety Day. She also highlighted how the two organisation are working together to promote Medication Safety.
2.2. PRESENTATION ON MEDICATION SAFETY
A pharmacist from CIMAS Medical Aid was engaged to deliver a presentation on Medication Safety.
The participants narrated their experiences around medication safety and the following findings emerged:
Medication harm prevalent amongst adolescents and youths.
Poor patient-doctor relations leading to lack of communication on medication.
Knowledge gaps around Patient Charter leading to patients not knowing their rights around
medication safety – Medication safety and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR).
Issue of poverty and medication safety and the consequent illegal dealings in medication and
sharing of medication. Thus, there is need for increased awareness around medication safety.
Poor systems in the healthcare sector, hence the need for institutional systems strengthening.
Medication safety issues amongst girls and women in tertiary education institutions
characterised by illegal abortions.
Community health workers key in promoting medication safety.
Antiretroviral Therapy drugs repackaging threat to medication safety.